Conjugate Verbs in Latin, Spanish, French, German, or Italian

When it comes to learning a foreign language, there’s nothing more dreadful than the routine task of conjugating verbs- especially since there are so many forms and varieties for each verb.  Thanks to the advent of technology, determining and confirming the appropriate endings for verbs is as a simple as a click away with!

Below is a recap of common terms used to describe the many forms of verbs.

Verb Voices

  • Active

    – the object receives the action of the verb [Cats eat fish.]

  • Passive

    – the subject receives the action of the verb [Fish are eaten by cats.]

Verb Moods

  • Indicative

    – used to indicate a fact [The cat ate the fish.]

  • Subjunctive / Conjunctive

    – typically used in subordinate clauses, often following a conjunction, to express various states of irreality such as wish, emotion, possibility, judgment, opinion, necessity, or action that has not yet occurred. [Because the cat ate the fish, it did not crave eating the mouse.]

  • Imperative

    – a command, whose subject is usually implied as “you” [Eat your dinner!]

  • Infinitive

    – when a verb is used as a noun, formed by preceding the verb with “to” [To eat your dinner now would be better than to starve throughout the show.]

Verb Tenses

  • Present
  • Past (Perfect)
  • Future
  • Continual Past (Imperfect)
  • Past Perfect (Pluperfect)
  • Future Perfect

Additional Verb Forms

  • Gerund

    – when a verb is used as a noun, often formed by adding “ing” [Eating breakfast regularly is a healthy habit.]

  • Participle

    – when a verb is used as an adjective, usually formed by adding “ing” [The startling find distracted the owner, keeping him from noticing that the cat had eaten his pet fish.]